What Story Does This Picture Tell?
My last post discussed visualizing data and provided an example of my invention. In this post, I wanted to try my hand at visualizing qualitative information. I created the graphic above this week to see if I could create an educational graphic that was visually interesting. I was inspired by the work of artists like Antoine Corbineau. I love his use of color and the cartoon-like feel of his work. My visual consists of a group of staged computer graphics that I created this week.
Take a moment to look at my graphic. How did I do? Do you know what I was attempting to say?
My Picture’s Story
My picture’s story—the viewer has flown (or is flying) commercial to America and he or she takes a look out the window and sees a diverse series of items invented in the United States. It showcases a portion of America’s contribution to technology, showcases the country’s ingenuity. The inventions are arranged in an I SPY fashion. I loved viewing Walter Wick’s work as a kid.
The inventions shown were inspired by a Nicholas Eftimiades’, a professor at Penn State University, blog post.
My graphic includes the following inventions:
- Potato chips – George Crum, 1853
- Phonograph – Thomas Edison, 1877 (Disc record created Emile Berliner in 1887).
- Electric light bulb – Thomas Edison, 1879
- Cotton Candy – William Morrison & John C. Wharton, 1897
- Mousetrap – William C. Hooker, 1894
- Electric traffic light – Lester Wire, 1912
- Sunglasses – Sam Foster, 1929
- Chocolate chip cookies – Ruth Wakefield, 1930
- Microwave oven – Percy Spencer, 1945
- Credit cards – Ralph Schneider & Frank X. McNamara, 1950
- Compact Disk – Jack Russel, 1965
- Kevlar – Stephanie Kwolek, 1965
- Personal computer (Kenbak-1) – John Blankenbaker, 1971
- Cell phone – Martin Cooper, 1973
- Space Shuttle – George Mueller, 1981
- Computer mouse – funded by U.S. Government, 1980s
Let’s start with the stage. The frame of the picture is the interior of an airplane; the focus is the window. This symbolizes travel, taking a journey.
The shuttle wing informs viewers which country’s contributions are shown.
The inventions are staged in random order to create a fun I SPY-ish collage. This is a common technique in information design. Paolo Ciccarelli, Head of Density Design, explains, “When the main narrative doesn’t hinge upon strict sequences, we often conceive our visual stories like a panorama, where the eye is free to wander…It’s the viewer’s choice which part of the story to follow, which arguments to combine.”
I wanted to stick my “panorama” into the confines of an airplane window. I made this choice to foster a journey narrative for my graphic. You could say the audience is flying through a small, select history of American inventions.
I built every element in the graphic from scratch using Adobe Illustrator. I started with the plane window, my stage. Using reference images gathered from the web, I built the sixteen inventions on their own. Finally, I randomly placed the images in a way where most were partially obscured but—hopefully—still recognizable. I also varied their sizes. I did this to create multiple entry points for the eyes and create visual interest. Partially obscured elements tap into our innate enthusiasm for puzzles.
Eftimiades, N. (2012, December 15). A list of American Inventions. Retrieved from https://neftimiades.wordpress.com/2012/12/15/a-list-of-american-inventions/
Klanten, R., Ehmann, S., & Schulze, F. (2011). Densitydesign. Visual storytelling: Inspiring a new visual language (1st ed., pp. 10-17) Gestalten.